My research into character centered on the following three authors and their books:
Thomas Lickona, Character Matters, Touchstone, New York, N.Y., 2004
Sara Dimerman, Character Is The Key, John Wiley & Sons Canada Ltd., Mississauga, Ontario, 2009
Stanley Greenspan, Great Kids, Da Capo Press, Philadelphia, PA., 2007
William J. Bennett, The Book of Virtues, Simon & Schuster, New York, N.Y., 1993
The compilation of the virtues that these authors considered most important to model and teach have been arranged based on my view that certain traits develop first as an infant. As the infant moves through childhood toward adult maturity, subsequent traits become possible.
These groupings are my version of a framework for the timing of character development which proceeds differently for each one of us since we are each unique. One of my key principles is that one size does NOT fit all. The sequencing over time for the development of these elements of character will be different for each person.
Group 1 – The Starting Point
Group 2 – Caring
Group 3 – Self
Integrity, Genuine Self Esteem
Group 4 – Others
Group 5 – The Extra Mile
Group 6 – The Ultimate
Group 7 – Is There More?
Future posts will explore each of these groupings.
I still have many questions. Are there other important elements that should be in this framework, such as being independent and being flexible?
Stanley Greenspan in Great Kids goes even further. He considers certain abilities and traits as fundamental to a child’s emotional and intellectual heath and how their skills and talents eventually develop. His fundamental abilities and traits focus on how the child relates to others and the outside world. Greenspan includes the following skills, temperament, and intelligences among his 10 essential qualities:
communications or growing language skills,
expressing and balancing emotions, and
logical thinking to help make sense of the world.
It looks to me like the “character (virtues) framework” may be impacted by other frameworks, namely multiple intelligences, temperament, talents, and skills.